The Effingham County Cultural Center and Museum Association came into existence as the result of a desire to promote interpretitive culture and history as a means of increasing public awareness of the history of Effingham County and the National Road.
The historic Effingham County Courthouse was built in 1871, on the site of the 1850s courthouse, which tragically burned to the ground in March 1869, reducing, most of the county's records to ash. The courthouse, located on the square in downtown Effingham, was the fourth one built in Effingham County and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The historical structure was built in Second Empire style and is made of brick, stone and wood with 18-inch outside walls. Special features of the building are stone window headers with keystones above each window and mansard rood with dormers. On the courthouse square, you can find the Veterans Wall and other downtown events during the year.
The Courthouse now houses a museum in which has two rooms devoted to a specific military experience which changes throughout the year. The musuem also has a room in honor of the railroads in Effingham County and of a course a giftshop. Hours are Tuesday and Saturdays 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. March through December and other hours by special arrangement. The Museum is closed to the general public in January and February, except for special programming or by appointment.